This civil society report on Women, Peace and Security in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao was commissioned by the Women Engaged in Action on UNSCR 1325 (WE Act 1325) under its Building Autonomous and Stable Institutions and Communities through Socially Cohesive, Transparent, Accountable and Responsive Transition (BASIC START) in the Bangsamoro project supported by Oxfam in the Philippines. BASIC START in the Bangsamoro has the twin objectives of strengthening women’s leadership and participation in governance and undertaking research that will feed into policy-making – this study aimed to contribute to the latter.
This political project involved State actors as the duty bearers accountable to the implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolutions (UNSCRs) 1325 and 1820. The institutional blueprint came in the form of a National Action Plan (NAP) that served as a policy guide for WPS. During the launch of the Global Study on the Implementation of UNSCR 1325 on the occasion of the 15th anniversary of the Resolution, the Philippines was lauded for the great strides it accomplished — particularly, in the areas of women’s inclusion in the peace process and financing the NAP, among others. At the national level, headway has been made as regards institutional infrastructure and mechanisms, capacity building, policy formulation, and monitoring and evaluation. Accomplishments in these areas were guided by two generations of NAP WPS — the first, launched in 2010 and the second, an amended NAP adopted in 2014.
This study is a knowledge product aimed at mapping out the institutional dynamics of localizing WPS in a region that has experienced — and continues to experience — conflict.